National Energy Survey, International Consultant at UNDP

The Government of Lesotho is cognisant of the fact that 76.3% of the country’s population lives in the rural areas and about 8.7% (DoE, 2014) of them have access to electricity services. To provide the un-electrified 91.35% of the rural population with electricity services through grid extension will simply be an insurmountable task in view of the very high costs associated with construction of electricity lines across a mountainous terrain to supply the small amounts of electricity that the rural population requires. Consequently, there is a keen awareness among decision makers, of the need to shift towards more decentralised, sustainable and modern forms of energy for the much dispersed rural areas in terms of cooking, lighting and heating during the winter months. Thus, renewable energy sources present an excellent alternative to grid extension. Renewable energy technologies can be utilised in isolated mini-grid configurations to provide the rural population with modern energy services, including electricity.


The UNDP Country Office and the Government of Lesotho will, for the next five years (2016 – 2021) implement a GEF-financed project “Development of Cornerstone Public Policies and Institutional Capacities to accelerate Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) Progress”. The objective of the project is to catalyse investments in renewable energy-based mini-grids and Energy Centres to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and contribute to the achievement of Lesotho’s Vision 2020 and SE4All goals. It proposes to put in place an enabling environment for the development of these renewable energy systems and develop a suitable business model and financial instruments for their viability and replication. This objective is proposed to be achieved through the participation of the private sector working hand in hand with village community organisations. Thus, this programme will not only benefit rural households and small commercial enterprises, but will also connect the private sector, financial institutions, technical training and local organisations to promote the establishment of distribution channels to develop the renewable energy market for the provision of electricity services. Project outcomes are as follows:

  • Development of cornerstone SE4All Policies and Strategies to facilitate investment in renewable energy-based mini-grids.
  • Improved capacity of energy stakeholders and government officials for decentralized clean energy planning and decision-making on the basis of quality energy data.
  • Successful establishment of a village-based energy service delivery model for replication nationally
  • Outreach programme and dissemination of project experience/best practices/lessons learned for replication nationally and throughout the region.

The last comprehensive assessment of the energy sector situation (energy survey) in Lesotho was carried out in 1985 during the development of the Lesotho Energy Master Plan (LEMP). The LEMP exercise subsequently developed an energy model called the Lesotho Energy Information System (LEIS) which was used as the national energy planning model with projections of supply and demand for energy up to the year 2010, but is no longer in use.

Duties and Responsibilities
Scope of work

The energy survey will cover the ten districts of Lesotho in all the sectors including households, health, industry, agriculture, education, etc. The survey will focus on energy supply, consumption and demand, disaggregated by sector, district, application and gender. It will include energy access and intensity baseline data (energy efficiency) as well as penetration and performance of renewable energy technologies (RETs). In addition the survey will establish a supply and demand relationship for a base year (2017) by documenting the existing flow pattern of energy use (energy balance sheet) in Lesotho from energy sources through any conversion processes to the final point of consumption.

The consultant will be responsible for delivering high quality data according to the expectation and protocols of, and within a timeframe defined by the TOR. Specifically, the consultant will be responsible for the following activities and tasks:

Specific Tasks

  • Review and revise household energy consumption survey questionnaire. The BOS and DOE have developed the draft household questionnaire and the consultant will review the questionnaire and improve it to ensure objectivity and accuracy.
  • Design questionnaire and develop tabulation plan for the energy survey for collecting energy data from other sectors including health, industry, agriculture, education, transport, etc; and ensure its approval by stakeholders prior to the actual survey being carried out.
  • Advise on the methodology for obtaining energy data from different sectors timeously.
  • Determine the sampling units and estimate the sample size that is nationally representative of each sector. The consultant will also calculate weights. Elaborate on the rationale for the selection of the units.
  • Develop survey training manual/material and conduct training of trainers (supervisors) and oversee training of enumerators.
  • Evaluate the results of the pre-test and incorporate comments in the questionnaire. The actual survey work cannot commence until the client provides clearance on the final version of the questionnaires.
  • Identify and recommend appropriate energy modelling software for data analysis and modelling of scenarios and produce information that will promote RE policies. The software should also incorporate a monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system to enable tracking of GHG emission reductions.
  • Develop energy database and information system for data collected under the survey.
  • Train BOS, DOE and other relevant stakeholders on the appropriate database for the Lesotho context and on its efficient use.
  • Work in collaboration with DOE and BOS to carry out cleaning and analysis of the data: The consultant will provide guidance on analysis and calculation of indices of energy supply, consumption, demand, access, penetration and performance of RETs based on multi-tier framework
  • Train DOE and BOS staff in the proper use of appropriate modelling software to analyse data and model scenarios that will assist in policy formulation.
  • Edit the draft Energy Balance report.
  • Produce and publish Technical Energy statistics report including Metadata.

Expected deliverables and schedule of works

The duration of the survey will be approximately 11 months (13 weeks employment duration). The consultant will undertake 3 missions, a total of 8 weeks in Maseru Lesotho, while the remaining 5 weeks will be spend in home office. DOE and BOS have a full team in place for the survey and the consultant will work with this team to produce the expected outputs.

  • Extensive knowledge of energy survey including skills in designing data collection tools, survey questionnaire, data analysis and processing and also familiarity with statistical software (modelling software).
  • Knowledge of developing energy database and information system
  • Excellent leadership, communication and report writing skills
  • Good knowledge of and experience in GEF Climate Change issues, operational modalities and familiarity with UNDP-GEF procedures would be an advantage
Required Skills and Experience

  • Master degree in Energy Economics/Energy Statistics/ Energy Engineering;
  • PhD will be an added advantage.


  • At least 10 years professional experience in questionnaire design, data analysis and processing and also familiar with statistical software (modelling software).
  • Of which a minimum of 3 years’ experience in energy surveys as a team leader;
  • Good knowledge of and experience in GEF Climate Change issues, operational modalities and familiarity with UNDP-GEF procedures would be an advantage
  • Experience in designing data collection tools in the Sub-Saharan African countries.

Application procedure: